Corporate Tax , International Law
Georges Troy has obtained a triple degree in tax, law and in accountancy.
Alumnus of the ENI (French National Tax School)
Graduated from Aix en Provence (Graduate as Chartered Accountant
Before founding Troy & Associés, Georges was Tax Inspector at the French Ministry of Economy and Finance, inhouse group tax adviser in Usinor, now ArcelorMittal.
Georges is a lawyer at the Paris Bar in France and also at the Faro Bar in Portugal. His practice is focused on international tax, tax advisory, corporate tax, income tax, wealth tax, litigation tax for a clientele of French and foreign companies and French and foreign individuals.
Georges is fluent in French and English.
Troy & Associés is a law firm specialized in tax law, corporate law, business law and mergers & acquisitions in Paris (FRANCE).
An office has been opened in Portugal managed by Georges registered at the Faro Bar in the Algarve region of southern Portugal
Urb Vila Sol, Lt D7/6
Alto do Semino
T/Fax : + 351 289 312 681
E-mail : email@example.com
Company taxation : tax planning, fiscal integration
Consumer products taxation : tax withholding, tax withholding at source
Taxation of corporate acquisitions, mergers or restructurings and negotiation of tax benefits
Real estate taxation – Individual taxation
International tax issues, in collaboration with our specialized departments : territoriality, transfer prices, profits earned in fiscally advantageous countries
Preparation of tax returns
Audits within the context of merger or acquisition
Ongoing counselling in the management of company tax issues, tax planning studies
Strategic counselling to adapt at company corporate structures to overall company objectives
Defense / Tax litigation / Proceedings
Assistance during tax audits and preparation of all documents required for such audits, representing clients in proceedings
Assistance or representation during the litigation phase
Representation before the French civil and administrative court
II – Registration Fees – Wealth
Taxes on transfers for a consideration: business transfers, real estate sales or exchanges, transactions by real estate agents, etc.
Taxes on gratuitous transfers : inheritances, gifts, transfers of individually-owned companies or company stock
Registration duties concerning legal entities : transactions consummated by companies, economic interest groups and associations, transfers of equity interest, mergers, splits, partial asset contributions
All matters concerning the field of application and the calculation of the tax, its limits, exempt assets and professional assets
Assistance in completing various forms and/or declarations
Assistance to companies and individuals during inspection and/or adjustment proceedings
Assistance and representation before the advisory authorities (departmental mediation commission – advisory committee for the elimination of tax abuse)
Representation before the magistrate’s court and the court of appeals
III – Patrimonial Law
In today’s increasingly complex legal and tax environment, in which people and assets move around the world more freely than ever before, estate planning represents a unique challenge, which has to be managed as carefully as a business.
If you have private wealth or own a family business, you’ll be faced with major decisions at various stages of your life
At each one, you need good professional legal and tax advice to ensure that your interests are properly protected. Apart from the financial implications, these decisions also require careful consideration of your personal situation- your lifestyle, objectives and relations with other family members.
Our practice areas
advice on passing on family-owned businesses
advice on passing on private wealth
advice on inheritance arrangements
settling national and international succession disputes (joint possession agreements, settlements and partition)
inheritance tax advice
assistance in tax disputes
Matrimonial and family law :
analysis and choice of marriage contract
drafting pre-nuptial agreements
managing changes of marriage contract
analysis and management of the property implications of divorce (division of assets, partition, settlements)
strategy for protecting a surviving spouse and family
Organisation and management :
advice on methods of structuring an estate, particularly through company structures
asset management advice
advice on division of property
advice on estate planning and inter vivos settlements in an international environment
international tax advice and planning
structuring private investment in France for non-residents
advice on the legal and tax implications in France of foreign law trusts and foundations.
Our Firm offers legal advice on traditional matters relating to the creation, life and dissolution of a company.
NEW BUSINESS START-UP
We provide support to entrepreneurs with respect to : choice of the most appropriate legal structure (limited companies, general partnership, etc.) ; optimization of the operation for tax and corporate standpoints ; negotiation and drafting of shareholder agreements ; project financing.
We provide support to our clients, companies and directors in all legal matters, including : corporate-legal secretarial work (Board and Shareholder Meetings, legal formalities) ; follow-up on contractual relationships with partners (clients, suppliers, landlords, etc.). In this regard, our Firm provides regular, thorough reviews to its clients regarding current and prospective legal issues.
LITIGATION – ARBITRATION
The litigation practice of our Firm is the natural extension of the service provided to clients in the different areas of business law. Our Firm practices before civil, labour, commercial and administrative courts, as well as arbitration proceedings.
Mergers & Acquisitions
We handle all aspects of mergers & acquisitions and restructurings:
Documentation and contract drafting
Support in negotiations
Acquisitions, divestments, joint ventures
Restructurings (mergers, asset transfers, etc.) on a French and international level
Arranging and structuring finance (equity, MBOs, MBIs)
Data room and due diligence
Stock exchange law