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Recent modifications to the Civil Code for the Federal District (Mexico City)

By November 19, 2021 No Comments
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At the beginning of August 2021, some modifications to the Civil Code for the Federal District (“Code”) were published in the Official Gazette of Mexico City.

These modifications mainly aimed at including and recognizing the use of electronic means for certain aspects of family, contract and company law. Below, some examples of the Code’s reforms.

  1. Consent

Article 1811 of the Code now recognizes the binding force and validity of offers and acceptances thereof made by any kind of electronic, optical or technological means. That is, consent can now be validly given by electronic, optical or technological means, without the need of any previous written arrangement allowing these means.

  1. Written form

According to the Code, certain contracts need to be agreed upon in writing. For these contracts, article 1834 of the Code now defines that they can be signed 1) by handwritten autograph, or 2) with the use of the so called “Firma Electrónica Avanzada” (or “FIEL” which is obtained by authorization of the Secretary of Tax Administration) or the “Firma Electrónica de la Ciudad de México” (or “Llave CDMX” which is obtained by authorization of the Federal District Government). The FIEL and Llave CDMX were initially conceived for the filing and signing of governmental procedures or request, such as tax declaration, civil registry applications, etc. As from August, both the FIEL and the Llave CDMX are recognized to validly sign contracts that, by law, need to be agreed upon in writing.

  1. General assemblies

At last, modified articles 2675, 2677 and 2713 of the Code define that general assemblies of shareholders may now be held by means of videoconference, that allow real time communication. The condition is that the foregoing convocation to the assembly indicates the use of the conference call for the meeting, the exact channel (teams, webex, etc.) or number to dial and, if applicable, the password for access. Additionally, the board of directors has the obligation to record and store the digital reunion. The article also provides for the meeting to be held “in writing”. In this case, the minutes should be signed by the chairman or secretary, by autograph or FIEL (it is not specified whether the Llave CDMX – see higher – is also allowed).

Is it possible that the obstacles involved with the social distancing, quarantining and travel restrictions were the (final?) impulse for the (local) Mexican legislator to give the Code this very much needed update?